Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE)

​Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids?
  • Uterine pressure or pain
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Severe cramps
  • Abdominal enlargement
  • A bloated feeling
  • Pain during or following intercourse
  • Pain down the back of one or both legs
  • Constipation
  • An urge to urinate frequently

Gonadal Vein Embolization

Symptoms of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome?
  • Varicose veins in the vulva, buttocks, and legs
  • Swelling of the vagina or vulva.

Long standing dull pelvic pain that is worse:

  • After standing up for a long time
  • Before menstruation
  • In the evenings
  • During and after sexual intercourse
  • In the late stages of pregnancy

Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE)

Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia BPH?
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate.
  • Increased frequency of urination at night.
  • Difficulty starting urination.
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts.
  • Dribbling at the end of urination.
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder.

Varicocele Embolization

Symptoms of a Varicocele?
  • A lump in one of the testicles.
  • Swelling in the scrotum.
  • Enlarged or twisted veins in the scrotum, looking like a bag of worms.
  • A dull, recurring pain in the scrotum.
  • A Varicocele might cause Infertility

Chemoembolization of Liver (TACE)

Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Metastatic liver cancer
  • Surgical removal of liver tumours offers the best chance for a cure.
  • However, surgical removal is not feasible for 67% to 90% of patients.
  • Chemotherapy drugs are 20-30% effective for treatment of liver cancer.
  • Selected patients with HCC can be offered liver transplatation.
  • TACE significantly improves the survival of patients with unresectable HCC

Tumor Ablation

Lung, Kidney, Liver, Pancreas, Prostate and Bone Cancer
  • Cryoablation uses extremely cold temperatures to destroy a tumor.
  • Microwave ablation uses electromagnetic waves to destroy a tumor.
  • Radiofrequency ablation uses radio waves to create heat and destroy a tumor.
  • Success rate for completely eliminating treated tumors is greater than 85 percent

Chest Wall Port Catheter

Why would someone need a port?
  • Ports are used to give all kinds of IV therapy, including chemotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy should be given in a large vein near the heart.

Biliary Stent

Why do you need a stent in the liver?
  • To help keep the duct open to drain the bile that builds up.
  • To help excess bile to drain out of the body.
  • A biliary metal stent is designed to keep bile duct open, which has been blocked.

Peripheral Artery Angioplasty/Stenting

Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease?
  • Painful cramping in your hips, thighs or calf muscles after walking or climbing stairs (claudication).
  • Leg numbness or weakness.
  • Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side.
  • Long standing rest pain, ulceration or gangrene of the limbs (critical limb ischemia).

Carotid Angioplasty and Stent

What are the Symptoms of Stroke?
  • Face falls on one side. Eye or mouth may droop, patient may be unable to smile properly.
  • Arm weakness or numbness might make it hard to raise both arms or to keep them raised.
  • Speech may be slurred and garbled.
  • If one of these symptoms are present, seek immediate medical help.
  • This procedure is done for the prevention of Stroke in symptomatic patients with Carotid Stenosis (blockade).

Renal Artery Stenting

Symptoms of renal artery stenosis?
  • Continued hypertension despite taking medications to lower it.
  • Abnormal kidney function.
  • Fluid retention.
  • Edema (swelling), especially in your ankles and feet

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Symptoms of Enlarging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm?
  • Deep, constant pain in the abdomen or on the side of the abdomen
  • Back pain
  • A pulse near the bellybutton
  • If you have sudden and severe abdominal pain, seek immediate medical help.

Deep Vein Stent

Symptoms of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
  • A feeling of heaviness in the leg.
  • Itching, tingling, or cramping in the leg.
  • Leg pain that’s worse with standing.
  • Swelling in the leg.
  • Darkening or redness of the skin around your leg

Inferior Vena Cava Filter

​​Why do I need an IVC filter?
  • Used in patients who don’t respond to or cannot be given blood thinners.
  • Placed to prevent life-threatening pulmonary emboli (PEs)
  • They can be safely removed in 3-6 months

Endovenous laser, RF ablation and foam sclerotherapy

Symptoms of venous insufficiency?
  • Swelling in the legs or ankles.
  • Tight feeling in the calves or itchy, painful legs.
  • Pain when walking that stops with rest.
  • Brown-colored skin, often near the ankles.
  • Varicose veins.
  • Leg ulcers that are hard to treat


​​Symptoms of Vertebral Compression Fractures?
  • Sudden onset of back pain, which can persist for weeks to months.

Get urgent medical attention if back pain with:

  • Unexplained weight loss or fever
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Numbness or tingling in the legs
  • Strong spasms or stiffness in the legs
  • Difficulty controlling the bladder or bowel

Dialysis Access Management

Types of Dialysis Access?
  • Placement of Hemodialysis Catheter
  • Placement of Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter
  • Creation of an AV fistula
  • Declotting of AV graft
  • Angioplasty of AV fistula

Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

​Why would someone need a TIPS?

To treat complications of portal hypertension, including:

  • Variceal bleeding from veins that drain the stomach or esophagus.
  • Large Volume Ascites

Image Guided Biopsy

Types of Biopsy?
  • Thyroid Biopsy
  • Lung Biopsy
  • Liver Biopsy
  • Kidney Biopsy
  • Bone Biopsy
  • Lymph Node Biopsy


Why is a gastrostomy tube placed?

  • For feeding and nutritional support.
  • For children unable to eat enough food.
  • For cancer patients.
  • For stroke patients

Epidural steroid injections

Who needs and Epidural Steroid Injection?
  • Back pain or neck pain for more than 6 weeks that is very bad
  • Herniated disks
  • “Slipped” vertebrae
  • Spinal arthritis

Nephrostomy/Ureter Stent

Why is a nephrostomy tube placed?
  • When a stone or tumor is blocking normal flow of urine.
  • A nephrostomy temporarily drain the urine.
  • This allows the kidney to function properly and protects it from further damage.
  • Urinary obstruction secondary to stones (calculi), or benign strictures.
  • Obstruction caused by tumors.